Saturday, January 17, 2009

Aquae Iasae

In the Romain times my little old town was known as Aquae Iasae.This name refered to the Iliric tribe Iasaen who inhabited the Panonian region of todays Croatia in pre-Romain period.Iliric word Iasaen means "the owner of hot springs" but we have not archeological remains of their knowledge of the healing powers of hot springs.

The archeological investigations carried out from 50th to the 80th years of 20th century revealed that Aquae Iasae was an important Romain settlement.Todays excavations could be carried out only in limited area because of the buildings of the later periods and today's settlement are practicaly built above the ruins of the Romain spa.

The first Roman thermae were constructed in the 1th century and in the 2nd century the thermae were rebuilt into a monumental complex provided with hot air heating system (hypocaust).

The spring of thermal sulfurous water with nympheum was in the centre of the complex and was rounded with the forum with arcades and the capitolium consisted of three temples dedicated to Jupiter,Juno and Minerva.

Aquae Iasae were destroyed during one of Goth invasion in the late 3rd century and reconstructed during the reign of emperor Constantin the Great.This Romain spa was destroyed in the late 4th century.

The epigraphs on stone slabs testify that the thermae served for the rehabilitation of wounded Romain soldiers.Here were found a lot of beautiful reliefs and statues as the relief "Three nymphs" (now in the Museum of Varazdin's spa) and statue of goddess Minerva (now in Arheological Museum in Zagreb).


mary said...

Thank you so much for sharing this fascinating look at your towns history. I have always loved history and archeology and this is incredible. How nice for you to be able to live with both the beauty of nature and history. I imagine this must influence what you create. Thank you again so much, Mary

susanna said...

Fascinating! Coming from a relatively new country (and continent), it amazes me when something so old, so historical, is unearthed in someone's hometown. Very interesting, Da Da.

The Wanderers' Daughter said...

Absolutely wonderful and fascinating post. Thanks for sharing this history. And I envy you those hot the winter, there's nothing like it.

Gwen Buchanan said...

Thanks for showing the strength of the structures and the carving.. one of them looks like a hippocamp!